The Bhagavad Gita a.k.a. Song of God is the most condensed work in Hindu philosophy. The poem forms the part of the Indian epic the Mahabharata. Lord Krishna symbolizes the paramatma (God) advising Arjuna who symbolizes the ordinary human (atma). The sermon takes place in the middle of the Kurukshetra battlefield. Krishna is at first in his form as mortal ally and charioteer of Arjuna. The Pandava hero has suddenly been overcome by questions about the mass killing that the battle will entail. Krishna answers that he must follow his proper social role or dharma.
It is also an example of an ideal Guru (Teacher) and Sishya (student) relationship. I still remember that a preacher in India comparing the whole scene of Gitopadesa to a human body. The chariot symbolizes the human body, the five horses are the indriyas (senses). The charioteer (Krishna) is the soul (immortal) and the passenger, Arjuna represents the human mind.
"Governing sense, mind and intellect, intent on liberation, free from desire, fear and anger, the sage is forever free." – The Bhagavad Gita
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